Vietnam has an area of 329,241km², about 90% that of
Japan. It is a narrow, north-south country about 1,650km long. At
its northernmost end the latitude is 8°35', and at its southernmost
end 23°24'. This wide range of latitude produces remarkable
differences between the climates of the north and south, and forest vegetation
also changes markedly by area.
To end this destruction of forests, the Vietnamese government initiated a policy for the protection and preservation of existing forests and for the restoration of despoiled areas. First, to stop commercial tree felling, exportation of logs and lumber of natural wood was prohibited. In 1997, the government made forest reproduction a national project, in which 3.3 million hectares of forest are to be restored during the period 1998-2010 in order to reforest 43% of the country; more than the area of Denmark.
So far, the positive reforestation project focused on the Acacia.
To plant trees on 500 ha of land requires an enormous number of saplings. TGG is now engaged in a cooperative reforestation project with the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV), the main organization responsible for forest reproduction in that country. Cuttings mainly are the means used to mass-produce saplings for reforestation. A large number of viable saplings are being obtained by the use of new technology developed by TGG.
On February 23, 2004, TGG formally contracted for this cooperative reforestation project with FSIV.
In this project, five species of important trees native to Vietnam (Aquilaria, Cinnamomum, Diospyros, Erythrophleum, and Parashrea) are being planted at the Tran Yen plantation site in Yen Bai Province northwest of Hanoi. Those trees will not be felled for at least 50 years in order to maintain green forests. Saplings of the five tree species are being prepared from cuttings by means of technology developed by TGG.
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